Монголд нүүрлэсэн гутамшигт үнэн

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2014 оны 06-р сар 23-нд 17:25 цагт
Мэдээний зураг,

Сэтгүүлч Дамиэн Досан “Энэ гутамшигт асуудлууд хүн бүхний өмнө илт болсоор байгаа, гэхдээ Монголын хувь заяа хэнд ч хамаагүй, хэн ч авч хэлэлцэхгүй! Харин Монгол Улс бол олз хайгчдын бай. Ашиг хайгчид Монголыг зөвхөн ашиг олох талбар л гэж үзнэ” гэж бичжээ.

Монголд хагас жил амьдраад буцсан англи сэтгүүлч манай улсын талаар Шинэ Зеландын нэгэн хэвлэлд нийтлэл бичсэн нь гадаадад суугаа нутаг нэгтнүүдийг маань төдийгүй Чингисийн Монгол хэмээн омогшдог, эх орноо гэсэн сэтгэлтэй хэн бүхний өрийг өвтгөж, зүрхийг шимшрүүлээд байна. Түүний нийтлэлээс товчлон хүргэе. 

Сэтгүүлч Дамиэн Досаны нүдээр Монгол орон, улсын маань зүрх болсон Улаанбаатар хот ийн харагдах аж. Улаанбаатарыг тойрон хүрээлж буй уул толгод нь тус улсын нэн ядуу иргэдийн амь хоргоддог газар ажээ. Гэтэл үүнээс хамгийн аймшигтай нууц нь тэр уул толгодын дунд оршуулгын газар байдаг бөгөөд ядуу иргэд нь ухаж сэндийлсэн булшнууд дунд л амьдардаг аж. Булшин дунд орших айл суурингууд дунд жижиг мухлаг дэлгүүрүүд нээгдсэн байх нь энэ сэжиг хүрэм орчинд хүмүүс хэр удаан амьдарч буйг илтгэнэ. Аймшигтай нүдэнд итгэмгүй байдлууд харагдаад байх юм. Булшнаас гаргаж орхисон хүний биеийн сэг энд тэнд хэвтэж харагдах бөгөөд булшны нүхнүүдийг нь үйлдвэрлэлийн, эмнэлэг, ахуйн хог хаягдлыг шингээх сав болгон ашигласан байх юм. Бороо орсон үед тэр бохир зүйлс оршин суугчдын ундны усаа авч хэрэглэдэг худаг руу урсан орох аж.

Азийн хөгжлийн банкны судалгаагаар Улаанбаатарын гудамжинд амьдардаг бараг бүх хүүхэд бэлгийн замын өвчтэй бөгөөд тэр дунд бүр 10 хүртэлх насны хүүхдүүд ч байгаа аж. Гадаадаас орж ирж буй янз бүрийн тусламж нь бодит байдлаар хэрэгжих нь ховор. Харин ч тусламжийн мөнгийг хүртдэг хүмүүс нь секс клубуудээр хэсэх, биеэ үнэлэгчдийг авах зэргээр асуудлыг улам даамжрахад хувь нэмрээ оруулдаг гэсэн гомдол, мэдээллүүд ирдэг аж.

Энэ бүх гутамшигтай асуудлууд тус улсын Засгийн газар, радио телевиз, ашгийн бус байгууллагуудын нүдэнд илт байгаа атал энэ нь тэдний анхаарлыг татахгүй байгаа нь сонин шүү. 

Олон улсын тусламжууд ч яахав, очдог л юм байж, харин гол асуудал нь 2.8 сая хүн амтай харьцангуй тайван аж төрдөг гэх энэ улс зөвхөн дайн дажинд нэрвэгдсэн Африкийн орнуудад л байдаг улс төр, нийгмийн асуудлаас болж туйлын ядууралд орж, ихэнх хүн ам нь ингэж зовж зүдрэх учир нь юу байна вэ? Олон хэсэг болон хуваагдаж дайн дажин хийгээд байгаа юм биш, энэ улсын эдийн засгийн доройтол нь авлига хээл хахуультай л холбоотой. Алт, зэс гээд газрын баялгаар баян энэ улсад дэлхийн уул уурхайн болон олон улсын томоохон компаниуд “BHP”, “Rio Tinto”, “Ivanhoe Mines”, “Бороo Gold” хөрөнгө оруулалт хийсээр байна. Гэлээ ч хүн амынх нь 80 хувь нь туйлын ядуурлын байдалтай байсаар л...

Монгол Улс Нэгдсэн үндэстний байгууллагын гишүүнээр элссээр жараад жил өнгөрчээ. Гэтэл хүний эрхийн асуудал хурцаар зөрчигдсөөр байна. Шоронд хоригдогсод орон нутгийн засаг захиргааны эрх мэдэлтнүүдийн гарт орсон байх бөгөөд энэ улсын хүмүүсийн аж амьдралын нөхцөл байдал, ядуурлын түвшингээс энэ бүхнийг харж болно. Бодит байдлыг хар л даа, 11 настай охин хүчээр биеэ үнэлж байна. Хэзээ нэгэн цагт агуу их ард түмэн байсан энэ хүмүүс өнөөдөр талийгаач бологсдынхоо булшийг ухаж, хайрцагных нь модыг түлж амьдрахад хүрээд байгаа нь эмгэнэлтэй.

                                                 MONGOLIA'S MISERY

For the past six months I have been filming a documentary covering human trafficking and poverty in Mongolia. Last month, my cameraman and I walked into the Ger districts that are scattered across the hillsides of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and that house more than 80 per cent of the capital's inhabitants.

The districts, named for the traditional Mongolian dwellings that are built with whatever the occupants can find or afford to use, have stood on the hills for so long that shops have sprung up among them in a manner like the shanties of Brazil and Indonesia.

In winter, the temperature falls to minus 25deg. These communities do not have running water or sanitation. Hundreds, perhaps thousands of people share pit toilets and wells. The infant mortality rate in this country of just over 2.6 million is 13%. But among those struggling to live there and in many other places around the country, a terrible secret is being kept. 

The hills around Ulan Bator are home to the poorest people in Mongolia and are also the sites of cemeteries, where the bodies of the young and old rest. But the dead are not at rest, nor are they being respected. The cemeteries around Ulan Bator are being desecrated on such a large scale that the uniformity of the destruction, of almost every grave, makes the damage almost unnoticeable from a distance. Graves lie open to the sun and the personal possessions and other keepsakes that were buried with the dead have been stolen and are being sold to tourists and foreign collectors on local market stalls and in antique shops. Bodies lie in pieces scattered around the cemeteries, dragged from their graves by robbers and animals, as buzzards circle the skies.

Desecrated graves appear to have lain open for as long as a decade, judging by the decay of the graves, the coffins and human remains.
In many cases the bodies are nowhere in sight and only a shred of the corpse or clothing is left in an empty coffin or by the grave. The cemeteries are being used as refuse sites where medical and industrial waste is being dumped. Ger residents rummage through the gravesites in a horrific search for food and fuel, often using coffins as firewood.

During the rainy season of the summer months the water that runs off the hills, becomes contaminated with the waste and remains, and seeps into the wells used by these communities. All this sits in sight of the national broadcasting station, with no sign of care or resolve from the state or the mass of international non-government organisations (NGOs) or national aid agencies based inside the country.

The Ikh Hural (Mongolian Parliament) enforces heavy taxes on the aid money given to the NGOs and independent aid agencies in Mongolia. Many of the NGO workers apply for positions in problem countries like Mongolia because of the high salaries offered. Few of these workers venture outside their offices without the comfort and security of their Land Cruiser and driver.
Some are said to be fuelling the problems that they have been sent there to prevent, with claims they are using sex workers and frequenting strip clubs when they are supposed to be fighting Aids.

A survey conducted by the Asia Foundation found that almost all street children, some as young as 10, were carrying a sexually transmitted disease. Many sex workers are victims of poverty and abuse in the home, thus adding fuel to an already serious problem.
Demonstrations against the current Health Minister are rife in Ulan Bator because of disputed mismanagement and corruption in the health service. The Mongolian Government recently secured $US300 million of aid money to fight poverty. But perhaps the question should be how a country of 2.6 million people can be suffering from social and political issues that are more common in war-torn African countries.

Mongolia does not suffer from the consequences of warring factions and tribal warfare, but its economy is becoming more unstable due to endemic corruption. The country is mineral-rich with uranium, gold and copper and attracts huge interest from mining giants such as Ivanhoe Mines, Boro Gold, BHP and Rio Tinto and receives significant revenue from these activities. Yet more than 80% of the population reportedly lives in extreme poverty.

Mongolia has been a member of the United Nations for almost 50 years, yet violates the human rights of its own people in prisons and under the hand of local authorities. This is reflected in the standard of living its people endure. The problem seems to be that no-one really cares about Mongolia, except to treat it as a commodity. The outcome is the concrete evidence set before us, where girls as young as 11 are being forced into prostitution, and the spirit of a once-great people has been broken to the point where they would use the coffins of their ancestors as firewood.

* Damien Dawson is a British journalist who has been working in Mongolia for the past 18 months.

I have been to Mongolia, and although that doesn't make me an expert I do have eyes and together with what other people have said about mr Dawson's story I believe the facts are true. Mongolia is a deeply corrupt country. Equally the numbers of street children in Mongolia are growing and their lot in life is one of exploitation and abuse from the authorities that fail to protect them and the adults who do not care about them and who were often the very people that provoked them into leaving home in the firs place. 

I have since tried to contact Mr Lord to comment on his story but he has rejected my emails likewise the newspaper that printed these stories originally has not replied either. I do not have a contact email for Mr Dawson and if anyone does, would it not be worth contacting him again?

I was in Mongolia in the summer of 2009, and much to my surprise I witnessed a number of interesting factors. Mongolia is a mining paradise, rich in everything from Gold to Uranium, making and fulfilling special relationships to countries such as North Korea, Russia and several western powers. The British were the first to get their foot in the door in the 1960's when the first foreign embassy appeared there in 1963. Equipped with it's own bar, which has fueled an alcoholism problem on a scale equal to that of Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe. It's hard to see who is exploiting who, but while Mongolia abuses itself the foreigners are laughing in their faces, raping Mongolia of it's precious natural resources much like the foreign corporations setting up shop throughout Africa.

 

Энэ мэдээ танд таалагдаж байвал LIKE хийгээрэй. Танд баярлалаа.
Манай сайт танд таалагдаж байвал LIKE хийгээрэй. Танд баярлалаа.
    АНХААР! Та сэтгэгдэл бичихдээ хууль зүйн болон ёс суртахууныг баримтална уу. Ёс бус сэтгэгдлийг админ устгах эрхтэй. Мэдээний сэтгэгдэлд www.mongolcom.mn хариуцлага хүлээхгүй.